Veterans Benefits

Learn more about Veterans Aid and Attendance benefits.

Aid & Attendance Benefits

Veterans Benefits

Aid and Attendance Pension provides benefits in addition to a veteran's basic pension for applicants who need financial help to pay for an assisted living facility, in-home care or a nursing home.

Aid and Attendance benefits are paid to those applicants who:

• Are eligible for a VA pension
• Meet service requirements
• Meet certain disability requirements
• Meet income and asset limitations

Any War-Time Veteran with 90 days of active duty, 1 day beginning or ending during a period of War, is eligible to apply for the Aid & Attendance Improved Pension. A surviving spouse (marriage must have ended due to death of veteran) of a War-Time Veteran may also apply. 

To qualify medically, a War-Time Veteran or surviving spouse must need the assistance of another person to perform daily tasks, such as eating, dressing, undressing, taking care of the needs of nature, etc. Being blind or in a nursing home for mental or physical incapacity, or residing in an assisted living facility also qualifies.

What are the Service Requirements?

A veteran or the veteran's surviving spouse may be eligible if the veteran was discharged from a branch of the United States Armed Forces under conditions that were not dishonorable AND served at least one day (did not have to be served in combat) during the following wartime periods and had 90 days of continuous military service:

• World War I: April 6, 1917, through November 11, 1918

• World War II: December 7, 1941, through December 31, 1946

• Korean War: June 27, 1950, through January 31, 1955

• Vietnam War: August 5, 1964 (February 28, 1961, for veterans who served "in country" before August 5, 1964), through May 7, 1975

• Persian Gulf War: August 2, 1990, through a date to be set by Presidential Proclamation or Law.

• If the veteran entered active duty after September 7, 1980, generally he/she must have served at least 24 months or the full period for which called or ordered to active duty (there are exceptions to this rule).

What are the Disability Requirements?

Veterans, spouses of veterans or surviving spouses can be eligible for Aid and Attendance benefits if they meet the following disability requirements:

•The aid of another person is needed in order to perform personal functions required in everyday living, such as bathing, feeding, dressing, toileting, adjusting prosthetic devices, or protecting himself/herself from the hazards of his/her daily environment; or

• The claimant is bedridden, in that his/her disability or disabilities require that he/she remain in bed apart from any prescribed course of convalescence or treatment; or

• The claimant is in a nursing home due to mental or physical incapacity; or

• The claimant is blind, or so nearly blind as to have corrected visual acuity of 5/200 or less, in both eyes, or concentric contraction of the visual field to 5 degrees or less.